Kyoto Protocol: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Development

  • Executing agency: UN/DESA Division for Sustainable Development
  • Start date: 1 January 2004
  • Total budget: USD 100,000

The project was designed to assist policy-makers in the Islamic Republic of Iran assess the pros and cons of becoming a party to the Kyoto Protocol.

The first stage of the project consisted of a national workshop on the Kyoto Protocol, which was held in Teheran in October 2004. The workshop, supported by UNDP and jointly organized by the Department of Environment (DoE) and Iran's Fuel Conservation Organization (IFCO), brought together almost 200 officials. The workshop offered an opportunity to address the link between Iran's domestic programmes and international efforts to achieve sustainable development through the Kyoto Protocol and its market-based approach, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Market-oriented provisions such as the CDM can promote international investment in energy efficiency and renewable energy within developing countries that are parties to the Protocol.

The second stage focussed on the collection of data and information for an analytical assessment (including the identification of selected energy efficiency projects that might be potential pilot projects for the CDM) and the preparation of a detailed project report. The assessment was intended to assist the relevant Iranian institutions analyse the costs and benefits of Iran's potential ratification of the protocol from a sustainable development perspective. A seminar was held to present the analytical assessment results and project findings. The report of the National Research Team concluded that Iran has significant potential for developing CDM projects.

The next phase of the project involves assessing what needs to be done for the Islamic Republic of Iran to attract CDM investment, particularly within its oil and gas sectors. To this end, a joint proposal with UNDP is currently being developed.