The state and the third millenium


  • Executing agency: UN/DESA Division for Public Economics and Public Administration
  • Senior advisor: Mrs. Najet Karaborni
  • Start date: 1 March 2000
  • End date: 28 March 2003
  • Partners: Government of Italy, CARICAD and Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Total budget: USD 307,565


Having entered the 21st century, the Small and Island Developing States (SIDS) of the Caribbean are still facing the same problems they faced in the recent decades: economically, they are not enjoying the fruits of globalization. Indeed, they can only count on limited financial, human and physical resources, and are highly exposed to environmental threats. Their economic structures, constrained by the general lack of foreign investment, limit their main sources of income to tourism and staple exports. Because of this framework, these states are extremely dependent on external and unpredictable conditions.

Furthermore, these SIDS do not possess robust institutional and administrative structures. Their lack of resources makes the effective functioning of public administration difficult. For this reason, the deficiencies in institutional, financial and human capabilities negatively affect the public delivery of goods and services, human development, and sustainable economic growth.

All these countries are confronted with similar problems based on the constraints mentioned above, which have direct negative impact on the population. The states tend to suffer from ineffective urban and rural management, social and economic disparities between different localities, inefficient utilization of national/local resources, uneven population distribution and in general weak social, economic and physical infrastructures. Faced with this situation, the governments are expected to contribute to the creation of an environment conducive to investment, economic development and social equity. They must develop new proposals to ensure greater political stability and foster human sustainable development, thereby enabling them to respond to the many changes facing public administration.

Development Objective

The overall objective of this project is to enable Small Caribbean States to improve their management and to meet the new expectations of their population taking into account the challenges of the third millennium (globalization/regionalization, decentralization/participation/social partnership, private sector development, new technology for information and communication).

It will also strengthen the performance and delivery of public services to the citizens and facilitate a sustainable economic and human development through enhanced regional cooperation between Small Caribbean States, fostering a policy dialogue among decision-makers and advancing reform process in public administration.

To achieve these objectives the Ministerial Consultation and Workshop will propose an innovative Agenda to build regional and national capacity and to improve management. Therefore, close cooperation between central and local government agencies, representatives of the private sector and trade unions as well as academic and community-based organizations is the main basis for successful implementation of the project. Moreover, the Workshop should focus on the development of sustainable partnerships, more efficient use of human resources and high performing institutions.

Target groups

The direct beneficiaries of the project will primarily be the CARICAD Member States, the public administration system as a whole in the national arena and, in particular, the selected participants from Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, St Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Guyana, Suriname including Haiti and Dominica Republic.

The final beneficiaries of the project will be policy and senior decision-makers at national and local levels, public officials, leaders of civil society organization, directors of public service training and learning institutes/centres, private sector and the citizens in general.