I. Objectives of the project
The objective of this SPPD project is to provide the Chinese Government with technical and substantive support for policy development on good governance leading to an efficient use and conservation of environment and natural resources, conflict prevention and sustainable human development. The results are aimed at introducing key policies, strategies and recommendation to the Chinese government to enhance governance for sustained growth, improved environmental management and conflict prevention to contribute to a cost-effective green and clean Olympics. These policy recommendations will foster communication, co-operation and collaboration not only between China and other countries in the region, but also between and among senior central and local government officials, business and industry, and academic institutions, including students.
II. Main activities undertaken
1. Second Network Meeting of Asia-Pacific Universities and Institutions for Education, Training and Research on Conflict Prevention and Peace Building, 22-23 May 2002
Second network meeting of Asia and Pacific Universities and Institutions for conflict Prevention and peace building took place in Beijing China from May 22-23, 2002. Members prepared brief country analytical and synthesis papers. The country papers addressed four thematic issues, identified by the December 2000 meeting in Bangkok for collaborative activities. These themes relate to the objectives and contents of the Second IEPC. UNDESA did the two following presentations:
a. Ms. Najet Karaborni, Senior Adviser of UNDESA did a presentation on "Potential Causes of Conflicts: Conflict-sensitive Integrated Development". The presentation was focused on:
- four case studies (Tunisia, Senegal, Mali Cambodia) underlining the issues to be addressed and the conflicts that they raised, analysing the actions, projects and programmes developed in order to solve them, and presenting the conditions for success;
- the design of a comprehensive local governance framework for sustainable development and peace building that conciliate between short, mid and long terms, and sectors and space at all levels (local, national and regional);
- concrete recommendations for an increased cooperation among the Network’s members in some crucial selected areas for peace building and development.
b. Ms. Gay Rosenblum, Public Administration Officer of UNDESA made a presentation on "Conflict Management Capacity-Building" which highlighted several UNDESA projects which assist governments to strengthen their institutional and staff capacities to mitigate and manage conflicts within society. She focused on the rationale for governance and institutional development for long-term conflict prevention, then presented the model and process of how the Africa region-wide project worked with local conflict transformation specialists from around the continent, and concluded with suggestions on the numerous potential roles of universities in conflict prevention in Asia.
2. Second International Environnement Protection Congress, 24-26 May 2002.
- About 50 state-of-the-art papers on technologies, management, capacity building and financing and investment needs for energy and resource efficiencies to promote sustainable development were presented by international and Chinese experts.
- Several fora including on Air, Energy and Water were organized during the Congress.
- High-level round table on "Green Olympics" took place the last day of the Congress for larger dialogue between the deputy-mayor of Beijing, the vice-president of the organization committee of the "Green Olympics" and the international experts.
Greening of sports for environmental protection and sustainable development as well as increasing the role of youth and volunteerism were key issues discussed during the Congress. The recommendations of the Congress on the technologies, management means and policy options will contribute towards China’s objective of a "Green Olympics" in 2008 and the thrust and contents of subsequent annual IEPCs.
III. Project results/outcomes, including time frame
1. Proceedings of the Second International Environmental Protection Congress, 24-26 May 2002.
2. Proceedings from the second network meeting of Asia-Pacific Universities and Institutions for education, training and research on conflict prevention and peace building, 22-23 May 2002.
3. Policy document to the Chinese Government to contribute towards a cost-effective clean and green Olympics, which is one of the highest priority and commitment of China. It will include a set of key policy issues for fostering the symbiosis between environment, natural resources poverty alleviation and sustainable development, conflict prevention and peace building, taking into account the context of China and Asia and the Pacific. Status reports on the state of environment, resources, development and conflicts in Asia and Pacific. The report will also identify the current availability of education and training courses; the gaps in knowledge and the focus areas of intervention where further research would help in identifying potential means for prevention and resolution; and information and communication opportunities to improve and increase understanding.
IV. Implementing partners including donors, UNDP, and Government counterparts
- UN organizations (UNDESA, UNDP)
- NGOs, CSOs: UPEACE, China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT), CEREL of Tsinghua University/China, Mahidol University of Thailand, and Asia Pacific Network of Universities and Institutions)
- Other governments of developing countries and regional cooperation entities in the Asia and the Pacific Region.