Elaboration du schéma directeur pour l'eau et de l'assainissement

  • Executing agency: UN/DESA Division for Sustainable Development
  • Senior advisor: Mr. Jean-Michel Chéné
  • Start date: 1 July 1998
  • End date: 31 December 2002
  • Total budget: USD 2,128,296

Le Gouvernement de la République du Tchad, à travers le Ministère de l'Environnement et de l'Eau, a entrepris sur financement du PNUD et avec l’appui technique du DAES, agence d'exécution, le premier schéma directeur de l'eau et de l'assainissement du Tchad.

L’objectif principal du projet CHD/98/004 est de contribuer au développement socio-économique du pays par la mise en place d'approches, d'outils et de plans d'action qui permettent une mise en valeur et une gestion durable et intégrée des ressources en eau. Deux objectifs immédiats ont été définis à savoir, i) l'élaboration d'un document constituant un cadre référentiel de politiques, de stratégies et de programmation à 20 ans pour le secteur de l'eau ; ii) la création et le renforcement des capacités nationales pour une gestion intégrée et durable des ressources en eau et la mise en ceuvre du schéma directeur.

Project result : a Case Study for integrated mobilisation of efforts to achieve the MDGs in Chad (LDC) for water supply, sanitation and IWRM.

All results are available in French and English at :

In November 2002, the first "Integrated Framework for Water Supply and Sanitation" in Chad received national endorsement under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister. This step was taken in order "to achieve the Millenium Development Goals and assure integrated and participatory water management". Official acceptance of this country driven strategic process is the result of three years of effort under project CHD/98/004. This final result was realised during a national workshop in the presence of all national decision-makers, being general directors representing ten ministers concerned with water, as well as representatives of civil society, NGOs, and of external support agencies (UNDP, Unicef, WHO, World-Bank, African Development Bank, European Union, Technical and financial bi-lateral cooperations from France and Germany and UNDESA,). This final workshop built on the conclusions of detailed studies and multi-actors dialogues (3 regional workshops and 6 sub-sectoral workshops on : rural water supply; urban water-supply; sanitation; livestock hydraulic; irrigation, environment and water resources) of complex multi-disciplinary issues treated in an holistic and participatory manner. Internal and external agencies have been involved continuously during the three years process.

The "Schéma Directeur de l’Eau et de l’Assainissement du Tchad" (SDEA) [Chad’s Integrated Framework for Water Supply and Sanitation ] is more than a strategic reference document for all actors of the water sector, it is a also a dynamic process which has been carried out within the country according to the latest recommendations of UN-CSD and recent international conferences on water, in particular for IWRM. This process, institutionalised by the law, should continue after the project, through a mechanism chaired by the Prime Minister.

Concrete project outputs are :
- National endorsement of a detailed analysis of the current situation of water resources, of water use and water supply infrastructure, as well as of lessons learned on development and management of the sector and its sub-sectors;
- A long-term perspective of new requirements for achieving the millenium goals, in terms of water governance, capacity-building, infrastructure, technology, water demand management, environment, finances and tarification of water services, taking into account the macro-economic context;
- A national water policy with specific implementation strategies for each sub-sector and region;
- A costed plan of action till 2015, with short-term priorities on capacity buiding and for an enabling environment;
- An agreed mechanism for finance mobilisation, for regular follow-up by indicators of results and by evaluations of impacts, and for up-dating of the SDEA every five years.