Data sources and methodology for
estimating the international migrant stock:
The basic data to estimate the international migrant stock by age and sex were obtained mostly from population censuses held during the decennial rounds of censuses. Some of the data used were obtained from population registers and nationally representative surveys.
In the majority of cases, the sources available had gathered information on the place of birth of the enumerated population, thus allowing for the identification of the foreign-born population. In estimating the international migrant stock, international migrants have been equated with the foreign-born whenever possible. In most countries lacking data on place of birth, information on the country of citizenship of those enumerated was available and was used as the basis for the identification of international migrants, thus effectively equating international migrants with foreign citizens.
Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population
Trends in International Migrant Stock: Migrants by Age and Sex
(United Nations database, POP/DB/MIG/Stock/Rev.2011).